Racial Diversity in New York City Leading up to 1855

By Samuel Phineas Upham

New York and its harbors were the first point of contact most immigrants had for America, so it became a hotbed for a lot of racial tension well into the present day. New York is a very small space, with regards to square footage, and many different people live in the same area. Throughout New York’s history, this has been a consistent fact.

Natives

The Lenape people were the first to inhabit the area we know of as New York, and their first encounter with the Western World was with the French. The Dutch would come soon after, sparking a conflict that was short lived. In the end, a combined force of Lenape and Algonquin was crushed by reinforcements from Holland.

English

The English saw an opportunity to strike as the Dutch position was weakened. The Dutch built walls to defend against this aggression, so they brought slaves from Africa to do the work. By the time the English overtook the Dutch and seized the territory, nearly half the population was of African descent.

Irish

The Great Famine in Ireland forced Irish out of their home land and into other areas seeking better opportunity. They were largely a working class people in New York, and they started a riot over legislation passed by the US Congress in 1863. These riots were originally about military conscription and instead sparked a race riot targeting blacks wherever the Irish could find them. This brutal three-day period was known as the New York City Draft Riots, or just “Draft Week”.


About the Author: Samuel Phineas Upham is an investor at a family office/ hedgefund, where he focuses on special situation illiquid investing. Before this position, Phin Upham was working at Morgan Stanley in the Media and Telecom group. You may contact Phin on his Samuel Phineas Upham website or LinkedIn.

Commonwealth v. Hunt: A Landmark Case

By Phin Upham

During the early days of the labor movement, there were crusaders on both sides fighting for favorable conditions. Those that held capital were invoking English legislation related to restraint of trade, which is a bit like a modern day NDA, in order to sue workers who were colluding to get higher wages and better working conditions. Largely, these business interests were winning their cases in court. That’s because they were able to successfully argue the workers were able to use group negotiating power to get higher wages than an individual might be able to through his own negotiations.

A major source of the dispute was the legality of the laws themselves. Restraint of trade had become well fleshed out over the days of the East India Trading Company and English industrialization. The practice was well substantiated by then.

What defense attorneys had to argue was that America was independent of England, and that the common laws were arbitrary and unknowable. Hunt was an important case because it established precedent, and made the courts create clear legal guidelines on when it was ok to work with others in order to gain higher wages or better conditions.

Their ruling made it impossible to prosecute workers who did not take measures that jeopardized public interests. Later cases would expand on this ruling, adding that the collusion could be as few as two workers who used prejudiced means to get higher wages. This made it illegal to acquire higher wages using tactics that would exclude others from the same benefits.


Phin Upham is an investor from NYC and SF. You may contact Phin on his Phin Upham website or Twitter page.

The Benefits of Non-Traditional Schools

By Wood Creek Academy

There are all kinds of ways teenagers can receive an education these days. Obviously, our country has a public school system. You can choose to home school your child as well or send them to a private institution, if you like. However, what many parents don’t know about their educational options could be hurting them. If your child is showing signs that they may be taking the wrong path in life, it’s important you understand what else you could be doing for them.

woodcreekacademy2Namely, you could try sending them to a boarding school for troubled boys. There, they will not only receive a top education, but they’ll also learn all about how to get past certain mental blocks that might be holding them back or break habits that are eventually going to land them behind bars or even worse.

These schools are all about discipline, but they also include things like therapeutic wilderness programs that could go a long way toward helping them heal certain emotional scars they’re currently suffering from. Many parents have hardly recognized the unhappy, angry child they sent away when they come back for vacation.

Don’t make the mistake of thinking you only have traditional options for your boy. If they’re going through a rough time, consider other schools.

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Wilderness therapy programs are often the best—and sometimes, the only—way to help your child get back on the right track so they can lead long, fulfilling lives. This is where Wood Creek Academy can help.

Fun Activities for Children Living in Richmond

Written by: The Steele Group Sotheby’s International Realty

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The city of Richmond, Virginia is a great place to live for many reasons, not least of which is its rich child-friendly environment. With a huge variety of indoor and outdoor activities, there’s more than a little something for everyone. Children with keen interests in nature, history, or amusement parks will enjoy living in the capital city of Virginia.

Parents who relocate to Richmond with a growing family will find an endless amount of places to go with their children. For the child who enjoys investigating and learning, there are numerous museums throughout the area to visit. The Children’s Museum of Richmond is an interactive place of fun and exploration. Kids can climb, play, and create while they learn about diverse topics.

A realtor in Richmond, VA could assist new home owners in discovering all the other museums in the area that focus on history or art, as well. The American Civil War Museum at Historic Tredegar boasts exhibits that show three different perspectives of the war: Union, Confederate, and African-American. The White House of the Confederacy is not only the prior residence of Confederate President Jefferson Davis, but also contains three floors of galleries that house important artifacts.

For families that have moved into Henrico county homes and are looking for a day of adventure, G-Force Karts offer an exciting trip for parents and kids. This race course provides the opportunity to drive at speeds up to 45 miles per hour down a long straightaway. They also offer an indoor paintball arena and a jungle-themed laser tag area.

Another place to visit for an exciting day is Kings Dominion. This amusement park is located just north of Richmond and has activities suitable for all ages. Older kids and adults will have a great time on the roller coasters; younger children can enjoy Nickelodeon attractions and rides; and the whole family can play at the water park.

Another reason kids will love living in one of the new homes in Virginia is the amount of outdoor recreation available. There are beautiful gardens to visit, parks to play in, and nature walks to take. Ashland Berry Farm is a great option for spending time outdoors. It’s a working farm that offers special seasonal events like a pumpkin patch and haunted hayrides.

Whether children are interested in indoor learning activities, history, or outdoor adventures, Richmond offers a great place for them to grow and play.

Questions to Ask Before Enrolling in a Makeup School

Written by the Cosmix School of Makeup Artistry.

Before you start your career in the competitive field of professional makeup, it’s important to get a quality education. There are many different makeup schools in the United States, which can sometimes make it difficult for students to make a choice. Here are three things to consider when selecting a makeup school:

Licensing: It’s important that you enroll in a makeup school that is licensed by an accrediting body. For example, the Cosmix School of Makeup Artistry is accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges and licensed by the Florida Department of Education. This means that multiple organization have affirmed that the school follows legal guidelines and meets or exceeds industry standards for the quality of education offers.

Quality of Instructors: The quality of the education that students receive at schools for makeup artistry is directly related to the experience and skills of their instructors. In looking for a makeup school, you want to make sure you are taking classes from teachers who are not only adept at giving instruction to student but who also have experience working in the industry and can share the lessons they’ve learned with their students.

In-Depth Classes in Specific Subjects: There’s a good chance that you are attending a makeup school because you have a specific career goal in mind. For this reason, it’s important that you make sure that the school you attend has specific classes geared toward your career path. For example, if you want to work in horror and sci-fi films, you will want to make sure that you attend a special effects makeup artist school with an emphasis on film and TV makeup.


The Cosmix School of Makeup Artistry is the only licensed and accredited makeup school in South Florida. Students take make up classes to prepare them for careers in retail, photography and special effects makeup.

Guarantee Your Future with a Job in IT

Written by Brand College

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Did you lose your job during the recession? Are you still trying to find one? Or, like countless people throughout the country, are you underemployed, meaning you have a job, but it just isn’t paying enough? These are scary situations for anyone to deal with. No one likes not being able to pay their bills or provide for their loved ones. Fortunately, you can change all that starting today with a job in IT.

To get into this field, you’ll obviously need a degree, but you can begin taking computer classes in Glendale and start making up for lost time immediately. There’s also computer training in Pasadena, if that’s more convenient for you. Whatever you decide on, make the right choice by going with Brand College. They have an office located at 529 Hahn Ave. Suite 101, Glendale, CA 91203-1052 where you can visit for more information.

IT has become the hottest industry out there, because every other industry depends on it. Whether it’s stocks, medicine, construction, television, education, sports or anything else, you’ll find IT professionals behind the scenes making sure everything works correctly.

So take a step toward a more financially secure future by getting your IT degree today. You’ll enjoy a healthy income for the rest of your life and finally get back to resting easy at night.

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Are you hoping to take a plus training Los Angeles? If so, you can do much better than entrusting Brand College with your needs. Their reputation and staff speak for themselves.

Factors to Consider for a Teenage Boot Camp Program

Written by Wood Creek Academy

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When looking for residential or therapeutic wilderness programs, there are various factors to look out for. These factors might help in coming up with a decision on the best program to go for.

Qualifications

Since the teenage will be mostly in contact with the staff working at the camp, it is crucial that you found out about their training and their past experience. Information regarding the camp’s employees needs to be readily available from their website or through a hotline.

Therapeutic Environment

An environment conducive to getting better is important for any therapeutic boarding school. The ideal environment would need to be a calm and healthy one, such as a school located in the wild. This might help the teenage to overcome issues and to address them directly.

Imparting Skills

The principle aim of boot camps is to impart teenage with adequate skills to help them once they step outside back to their normal life. Programs that teach communication skills, family values and personal growth through positive discipline are especially beneficial.

Parental Involvement

Parents would seek to know about the progress of their child and a good residential program would be one that allows them to learn about the courses taught to their child and the outcome. Involving the parents also ensures that the program would be enforced after the boarding period is over.

Wood Creek Academy is a special boot camp for teenagers located in a peaceful environment and offering programs for troubled youth enabling them to acquire life skills.

Three Things You Didn’t Know About Fashion Makeup Artistry

Written by Cosmix School of Makeup Artistry

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Through you knew everything about fashion makeup artistry? Think again. There’s a lot more to this exciting career than learning how to do makeup for runway shows and print fashion shoots. Here are three facts that might surprise you about fashion makeup artistry.

You get to learn airbrush tanning. Corrective makeup in the fashion world goes beyond concealers and cover-up. Makeup artists in this competitive field must also know how to apply an airbrush tan. Airbrush tanning is an essential skill in the fashion industry not only because of how often it is required, but also because it is not easy to do. An airbrush tan gone wrong can cost a lot of time and money.

You get to learn hairstyling for production makeup artists. A successful makeup artist in the fashion industry knows how to do more than makeup. The very best also know how to do hair. In fact, photographers are often in search of a makeup artist who can do both. It saves them time and money. Hairstyling will set you apart from the rest and might even help land your dream job.

You get to learn body art. Body art is everywhere these days. In addition to makeup and hairstyling, fashion makeup artists also become skilled body painters. A makeup artist who knows how to apply body paint can use their skills for TV commercials, print advertising, film, and special events. Body art also includes learning contouring, super heroes, and tribal art.

Cosmix Inc. is a leading makeup artistry school located in South Florida. The school offers makeup training in fashion, beauty, and special effects makeup.

When Mexico Owned San Diego

By Phin Upham

Mexico declared itself officially independent from Spain in 1821, claiming Alta California and the city known as San Diego for itself. A large fort that stood on Presidio Hill was slowly abandoned as more people began settling on the flatland below.

The Mexican government secularized the mission in 1834, and the land around it was sold to wealthier citizens who planned to settle in the area. Although San Diego’s launch was less than stellar, it lost citizens throughout its first eight years, the town elected a magistrate named Juan Maria Osuna and formed a pueblo. Although that status was revoked in 1838.

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San Diego’s slow growth was partially related to a lack of business there. Ranchos and agriculture were the largest drivers of employment, but the work could only sustain a certain population. When the US went to war with Mexico, one of the disputed territories was San Diego and it was easily captured because it was so desolate. San Diego would play a pivotal role in that conflict, acting as a staging area for both Mexican and American troops as the territory changed hands.

At one point, wealthy Mexicans withdrew their cattle en masse to starve the Americans. There were daily fights, and sniper fire was a regular occurrence. Things calmed down after the war, and the US was granted the territory that included San Diego during as a direct result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Though the Mexican side fought hard to include San Diego in its side of the negotiations, American business interests eventually won out and the border line was drawn one league south of San Diego Bay.


About the Author: Phin Upham is an investor at a family office/ hedgefund, where he focuses on special situation illiquid investing. Before this position, Phin Upham was working at Morgan Stanley in the Media & Technology group. You may contact Phin on his Phin Upham website or Facebook page.

Helping A Teenager Academically

Written by Wood Creek Academy

The most challenging parenting years are certainly during the teenage period of your children. Teenagers go through so much changes throughout their adolescence. Some of these changes are shifts in peers, social connections, academic pressures and after-school activities. These changes are hard to keep up with. From the parents’ side there are several actionable strategies that may be undertaken to help teenagers cope with academic difficulties.

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Guided Conversations

Parents could firstly engage in guided communication with the teenagers to help them voice out any academic concerns. Parents might also keep themselves informed on their teenager’s life by researching information on any issue their children might have. When engaging into guided conversations, the topics covered would need to be objective in order to encourage truthful responses from the part of the teenager. Parents would also need to engage in active listening in order to show empathy to their children and to provide them with the right advice. Active listening would also show the teenager that they have a friendly ear to whom they are speak out and confide into.

Out Of Home Placement

In certain situations, out of home placement solutions might be effective in solving troubled teenage issues. A juvenile boot camp might help teenagers gain some life skills as well as sharing their issues with professionals and other troubled teenages. Boot camp for teenagers provide targeted programs to help teens veer back on the right path.

Wood Creek Academy offers programs for troubled youth that would help them acquire life skills and bring changes to their lives by adopting a more positive attitude.